Avellino, the Irpinian chief town, is set among the Partenio Massifs and the Picentini Mountains. During the Middle Age it was conquered by Lombards, Goths and Normans. Subsequently Charles I D'Anjou gave the city to the Baron de Montfort. Avellino knew a golden era during the domination of the powerful Caracciolo family: the most important architectonic monuments were built in this period; it was included first in the Principality of Benevento and then in the Salerno's one. Many years later it became the capital of the "Principatus Ultra Serras Montorii".
The Cathedral, consecrated to the Holy Virgin, dates back to the XII century: over the years it underwent a series of renovations, which give it its present day Neo-Classic appearance. The Provincial Irpinian Museum, founded in 1889, is divided into three sections: Archaeology, Modern and the Resurgence. The Clock Tower, in Baroque style, whose forty metres overlooks the roofs of the Avellinese homes, and the Bellerofonte Fountain are the very symbols of the city.
Finally, we strongly recommend a visit to Montevergine Sanctuary, where thousands pilgrims venerate every yera the sacred image of the Holy Virgin.
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